Joaquim Chissano

His Excellency Dr Joaquim Alberto Chissano is a former President of Mozambique and Vice-Chairman of the Champions for an AIDS-Free Generation.

In 1962, Dr Chissano became a founding member of the Mozambique Liberation Front and played a fundamental role in the 1974 negotiations on the independence of Mozambique. When Mozambique gained independence in June 1975, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. With the death of President Samora Machel in 1986, Dr Chissano was elected as his successor. He led socioeconomic reforms culminating with the adoption of the 1990 constitution, which led Mozambique to a multi-party system and an open market.

Dr Chissano also led successful negotiations with former rebels, ending 16 years of a destabilizing war in 1992. In 1994, he won the first multi-party elections in the history of the country, and was re-elected in 1999. He has been praised for Mozambique’s economic progress, poverty reduction programmes and infrastructure development and for his work in the AIDS response.

In 2007, Dr Chissano was awarded the Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership. He has served as Chairperson of the African Union and of the Chissano Foundation. He was appointed Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for the 2005 Summit to Review the Implementation of the Millennium Declaration, as well as Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General to Guinea-Bissau, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.